Climate change poses significant risks for Bangladesh. Climate change will seemingly increase the frequency and severity of natural disasters in the country which in turn would aggravate the food insecurity situation. In Bangladesh, climate change will affect many sectors, including water resources, agriculture and food security, ecosystems and biodiversity, human health and coastal zones.
- Many environmental and developmental problems will be exacerbated by climate change.
- Predicted rainfall increases, particularly during the summer monsoon, could increase flood-prone areas in Bangladesh.
- Crop yields are predicted to fall by up to 30 per cent, creating a very high risk of hunger.
- Predicted temperature increase will cause the melting of glaciers in the Himalayas.
In the short term, the global warming increases risk of flooding, erosion, mudslides during the wet season. In the longer term, global warming could lead to disappearance of many glaciers that feed many rivers in South Asia.
Bangladesh has already achieved one of the key Millennium Development Goals (MDG) - gender parity in primary and secondary schooling. The country is on track to achieve most of the MDG goals, even the difficult ones like infant and maternal mortality by 2015.
However, the predicted adverse impacts due to global warming could reverse the recent economic and social gains. The progress towards achieving the MDGs, such as eradicating poverty, combating communicable diseases and ensuring environmental sustainability could be in jeopardy.
Eminence aims in contributing to the climate change adaptation of the country and focuses on the impact of climate change on food security. With this objective, Eminence started working in collaboration with Action Contre la Faim (ACF) in the most disaster prone north-west ‘char’ areas and north-east ‘haor’ areas of the country. The two organizations are currently conducting a case study of Bangladesh on food and nutrition security in vulnerable communities affected by cyclical climate-related hazards and climate change and for practical guidelines development. The project is in place at the upazila of Aditmari in Lalmonirhat district and upazila of Dharmapsha in Sunamganj districts of Bangladesh. Eminence will not only enrich but review the guidelines as well intended to practitioners, aiming at assessing situation and designing tailored climate-resilient and nutrition focused interventions. The ongoing research is expected to support food and nutrition insecure rural populations – more specifically young children and women – to cope with and adapt to climate change variability and change.
Eminence is going to initiate climate change adaptation program at number of geographical areas for effective capacity building and research. To cope with the climate change and its impacts, especially on food security, Eminence aims to develop useful strategy for capacity building and research among the people in need.